Ayurveda (which is in other words termed as the Science of Life), the most ancient medical system in India is considered as a holistic science which heals the ailments of body and mind and pertains to health and longevity. Ayurveda has been strongly influenced by theoretical views.
Ayurveda believes that there exist a strong connection between the mind and body of an individual and the ayurvedic treatments are based on various factors like diet, life style, yoga, exercise, herbal therapy and spirituality. Ayurveda believes that due to this concept, every individual responding differently to the same treatment.
According to Ayurveda, all matters are made of five basic elements called Pachamahabhutas namely Earth (Prithvi), Fire (Tejas), Water (Jala), Spacxe (Akasha) and Wind (Vayu). These elements are always found together and never separately though at times one may appear to be stronger than the other. Ayurveda considers the human body to be composed of the derivatives of Pachamabhutas which appears as doshas (physiological factors), Dhatus (tissues) and waste materials (Malas).
The doshas are classified further as Vata, Pitta and Kapha. Vata (refers to nervous system), Pitta (forms during metabolic process) and Kapha (forms due to unity and functions of body fluids). According to Ayurveda, Vata, Pitta and Kapha together constitute the human physiology.
Dhatus(tissues) are classified into plasma, blood cells, muscular tissue, adipose tissue, reproductive tissue, bony tissue and bone marrow. Malas (Waste materials) are of three main forms; urine, sweat and faeces. A balance of pachamahabhutas can be achieved through diet and herbs which holds the fundamental nature of these elements.