Ayurveda’s theory and principles for Pitta body types


The meaning of Pitta cannot be confined only to ‘bile’, which is, in fact the heat, generated or caused by sun or fire. Bile/heat enables a person to see discern colours, feel impact of heat, experience valiance, joy, anger, power and intelligence. Bile is the hot liquid, bitter, yellow or blue, acidic, pungent, and is present in noble leanings.

Vitiated bile causes indigestion, inability to perceive abnormal range of body heat, unnatural fear, anger, involved affection, lacks glamour, non-absorption of massaged oil by body and lack of nobility.

Symptoms of imbalanced pitta
As for symptoms caused by vitiated bile, you may experience symptoms such as all-over swelling with sweat, burning of single body part or all parts/sense organs, heat and inflammation, burning in hands and feet, externally cold but internally heat body, foul odour from arm-pit, falling and decay of skin, red spots or eruption on skin, yellow taint of body, jaundice, pungent taste of mouth, foul smell from mouth, no satiation from food intake, swelling of mouth, eyes, throat, anus, rectum, penis, discharge of pure and potent blood, yellow taint of faeces, eyes, urine, nails etc.

Classification of Pitta:
Ayurveda classifies types of Pitta as ‘Pachak Pitta’, ‘Ranjak Pitta’, ‘Sadhak Pitta’, ‘Alochak Pitta’ and ‘Bhrajak Pitta’.

Recommended Diet when bile is vitiated:

All pungent, sweet and cold food items, barley, wheat, rice, oats, green gram, ghee, milk, coconut water, cold water, banana, currants, dates, orange, grapes, pomegranate, parval, amla, use of cold applications like sandal paste when bathing, fragrant creepers, broccoli, cauliflower, mushroom, coconut, sunflower seeds, sunflower oil, soy, fruit and vegetable juices, milk and water.

Food to avoid when bile is vitiated:
Anything bitter, hot, acidic, garlic, lentil, kulthi, potato, liquor, wine, dry ginger, tamarind, pepper, curd, fish, ghee, carbonated drinks, caffeine, alcohol, almonds, peanuts, sesame, oil, excess oil, acidic, spicy, sour, oily foods, yogurt, corn, millet, buckwheat, rye, buttermilk etc should be avoided.

For reducing vitiated bile / pitta dosha:
Ayurveda offers several tips to help balance pitta, allowing you to stay calm and cool through the summer months. Establishing a regular routine, including going to bed before 10pm, eating meals at regular times, and daily oil massage with coconut oil can help balance the body.

Some additional tips are:

  • Cool foods and drinks are best suited for reducing pitta. Avoid food with pungent, sour and salty tastes. Massaging scalp with coconut oil serves as coolant for body.
  • Do regular liver flushes – make juice of 1 lemon, 1tbsp olive oil, 1 small diced apple or other fruit, blend and drink instead of breakfast. (Vata and kapha body types can add ginger, garlic and cayenne).
  • Avoid restricted food whenever possible. Avoid excessive sauna, sunbathing and hot tub bathing.
  • Take breaks, meditate or relax to quell reactive emotions of high stress situations.
  • Avoid excess exposure to chemical or fumes.
  • Limit sunbathing and try moon-bathing, as the cool light helps balance pitta.
  • As for yoga practice, try forward bends such as Uttanasana, moon salutations, spinal twist etc., under expert guidance.
  • Meditation is a good way to channel naturally sharp focus of pitta.