According to Ayurvedic principles, just as every individual has a unique fingerprint, the energy pattern of every individual varies from one another. A combination of physical, mental and emotional characteristics comprises an individual constitution. This constitution is determined by several factors that remain throughout ones life.
Ayurveda lays emphasis on prevention and promotes maintenance of health by adopting healthy lifestyle habits. The most important aspects for balance in ones life are diet, lifestyle, use of herbs and right thinking.
Ayurveda helps in bringing about balance of body, mind and consciousness, depending on individual constitution, by incorporating necessary lifestyle changes to maintain this balance.
The factors that disturb the balance of an individual could be external or internal. This would reflect by way of change in ones constitution from their balanced state. These factors include physical and emotional stress, diet, weather change, work, family relationships and physical trauma.
Ayurveda identifies three basic types of energies (functional principles) present in every individual. As there are no single words for these concepts in English, Ayurveda uses the original Sanskrit words ˜Vata, ˜Pitta and ˜Kapha. These principles are related to the basic biology of the body.
Vata is the energy of movement, Pitta is the energy of digestion/metabolism and Kapha is the energy of lubrication/structure. The Vata, Pitta and Kapha are usually present in one and all, but one of these will be primary, one secondary and one will be least prominent, varying from one person to another.
In Ayurveda, the mind and body and consciousness worth together in maintaining balance. Vata governs blinking, breathing, muscle and tissue movement, pulsation of heart, movements of cytoplasm and cell membranes. It promotes creativity and flexibility. When at an imbalance, Vata produces anxiety and fear.
Pitta governs activities such as digestion, absorption, assimilation, metabolism, and nutrition and body temperature. When in proper balance, Pitta promotes intelligence, and on the other hand, when out of balance Pitta triggers hatred, anger and jealousy.
Kapha is the energy that forms the basic structure of the body such as muscles, tendons and bones, and works like glue, holding cells together. Kapha helps in supplying water to all parts of the body, and lubricates joints, moisturizes the skin and maintains immunity. When under imbalance, Kapha could lead to greed, attachment and envy.