Hypertension when left untreated for a long time could be a major risk factor for diseases such as heart attacks, kidney failures, strokes and such other disorders. Hypertension is also in other words called the silent killer as there are chances that the disease may remain silent for a long time without any symptoms and the only way to find out if one has hypertension is by periodic checking with a physician.
When the systolic blood pressure is beyond 120 and diastolic blood pressure is beyond 80, the person is said to have developed high blood pressure. Though certain symptoms such as dizziness, pain in the chest, fatigue, difficulty in breathing and palpitations are considered to be associated with hypertension, it is better to confirm with a physician before arriving at conclusions.
From an Ayurvedic perspective, high blood pressure is due to the derangement of all the three doshas, the heart and the blood vessels. The Ayurveda remedies involves normalizing the imbalances of pitta and vata. Ayurveda suggests modification in nutrition, practicing breathing exercises like pranayama, yoga, meditation, physical exercise along with treatment involving herbal medicines and drugs.
Certain herbs that are useful in treating hypertension are: Sarpagandha, Arjuna which is beta-blocker and has powerful antioxidant, anti-angina, hypolipidemic and cardio-protective properties, Gokshura which is a diuretic and an inhibitor of ACE, Punarnava which is diuretic and has a channel blocking activity and Praval Bhasma which provides necessary calcium and magnesium. With guidance of an Ayurvedic physician, Niruha basti chikitsa and Dhara therapy are considered to be good therapies for hypertension.
Other home remedies include using lots of garlic in ones regular diet. Else, mix 1gm of garlic in one glass of buttermilk and drink twice a day. Eating two or three raw garlic cloves on empty stomach is also said to lower blood pressure.
One teaspoon of fenugreek seeds can be soaked overnight in water and had on an empty stomach the next morning. This also helps in lowering cholesterol levels in the blood.
The powdered form of the herb Triphala can be mixed with warm water and had regularly at night.