We are aware of tremendous health benefits of Broccoli, and the numerous theories that have supported this fact. Here’s the next one in row.
Researchers at the University of Warwick, have found that intake of Broccoli can actually reverse the damage caused by diabetes to blood vessels of the heart.
According to the researchers, the reason behind such an occurrence, is the presence of a compound, called sulforaphane, present in the vegetable, which promotes production of enzymes that protect blood vessels and reduce high levels of molecules that could lead to considerable cell damage.
Most Brassica vegetables, including Broccoli, had earlier been linked to low incidences of strokes and heart attacks. Diabetics are five times more vulnerable to cardiovascular diseases such as strokes and heart attacks, both of which are associated with damaged blood vessels.
The researchers analyzed the effects of sulforaphane on blood vessels, damaged by hyperglycaemia (high glucose levels), which is associated with diabetes. A 73 percent reduction of molecules in the body, called Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) was noticed. Patients with Hyperglycaemia usually have thrice the level of ROS in their bodies, than otherwise found, which could result in damage of human cells. The researchers also found that sulforaphane activated nrf2, a protein in the body that protects cells and tissues from damage, by activating the protective antioxidant and detoxifying enzymes.
“The Sulforaphane in Broccoli helps counteract the processes associated with development of vascular disease in diabetics. It will be important to test if eating a diet rich in brassica vegetables will have similar health benefits for diabetic patients,” said the lead researcher Paul Thomalley.
The study by Warwick team has been published in the journal Diabetes.