Select a container which can hold several plants, which provide good drainage. The pot can be a wooden one, or ceramic or a clay pot. Multiple containers with different kind of herbs can be used. The container chosen should fit the home dÃ©cor. In case, a galvanized container is used, it should first be fitted with a plastic liner.
Add bark chips, stones etc in the bottom for aeration. Ensure that the soil used is loose soil and not a heavy mixture. One way for planting herb is to remove it from the small plastic container and plant it by digging a hole in such a way that the surface of the soil is in the same level as the soil in the container. The information tab that comes with every herb should be stuck in front of the plant for identifying each herb.
Another way of planting herbs is to let them remain in their regular plastic containers, by planting the entire set into a larger container indoors. This will provide space for other herbs, as the roots remain more limited. This procedure can also be done outdoors.
Sunlight, being the most important factor for growth of herbs, should be available ten to twelve hours every day. In case this is not possible, a grow light can be purchased at any garden center to substitute sunlight.
The fertilizer directions should be as indicated in the package. Indoor herbs need less fertilizer. The soil should be kept clean, devoid of any waste substances, to prevent use of insecticides.
A small fan can be switched on near the herbs everyday to provide maximum airflow. In addition to keeping the bugs away, it will also keep air circulation.
When the roots begin bursting out of the container, the plants needs to be transplanted into a larger container. This can be done by putting some wood chips at the bottom of large container and transplanting the entire plant with roots inside the large container and then filling the remaining area with soil.
Perennial herbs like Sage, Chives, Mint and Parseley can divided during winter. While dividing them, a few can be placed back into the garden and pot, while one to two can be used for indoor herb gardens. Tender perennials like Rosemary, Bay, Sage and others can be destroyed by a hard frost and can be best grown year round in pots. These plants can be brought indoor prior to frost, and placed in a place where maximum sunlight and growth can be achieved.