A garden that is particularly designed and used for cultivation of medicinal herbs or cooking herbs is referred to as Herb Garden. During ancient times there were general gardens that contained flowers, medicines, fruits and vegetables. When people began to gain more specialist medical awareness, they began cultivating the herbs for medical purposes in specialist garden, that were called Herb Garden. The typical plants that were found in Herb Garden included Rosemary, Sage, Parsley, Thyme, Bay, Basil, Mint, Angelica, Rue and Marjoram. With the advance of medical science, these simple Herb Gardens were transformed into Botanical Gardens.
Modern Herb Gardens contain raised beds and boxes and are purely functional or ornamental. With the development of Alternative Medicine, people began to grow and use fresh herbs for various purposes. Herb Gardens are easy to grow. Just like other ornamental plants, there are herbs that are annuals like marjoram, coriander and basil, and there are herbs that are perennial like thyme, fennel and mint. Even Lavender, Sage and Rosemary are considered as woody perennials.
Herbs can be just scattered in between ornamental plants or can be grown in a formal herb garden. They can even be grown on the patio or as pot plants or as hanging basket plants. Herbs are best grown in hot and sunny spot, as this provides the medium for achieving maximum aromatic oils which actually provides the taste and smell for the herbs. They require well-drained soil, and are best grown in pots near one’s kitchen door. The herbs should be regularly fed during the entire growing season. The herbs can also be planted in a big pot which can then be dug into the ground. The herbs grown in the herb garden can then be stored for long time by freezing them, as this helps in maintaining the fresh flavour.