People who are obese are more likely to develop serious health problems. A Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more is considered as mild obesity and a BMI of more than 40 is considered even more dangerous. Though health problems do not arise the moment a person becomes obese, they are bound to increase if a person continues to remain obese even after ten years of being obese.
Patients with abdominal obesity (excess fat around the abdomen) are at a greater risk of weight-related diseases. Abdominal obesity is also a symptom which could lead to cardiovascular diseases in future. A waist circumference of more than 40 inches for men and more than 35 inches for women are considered as dangerous.
Obese people also face an increased risk for premature death. Among adults in the age group of 30 to 64 even moderate weight gain of about 10 or 20 pounds poses an increased risk. On the whole, there is more than 50 percent risk of premature death for an obese person.
The other risk factors include congestive heart failure, chest pain, sudden cardiac arrest and high blood pressure; high blood pressure being found more common among obese adults. Also obesity increases the triglyceride levels and decreases the HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol).
The passages of the arteries gets thinner which could lead to the formation of a blood clot in the arteries, also called Atherosclerosis which could result in strokes. Though Atherosclerosis is also caused due to smoking, blood pressure and high cholesterol, morbid obesity is being considered as a the second important cause leading to strokes.
When the weight of an individual is increased by eleven to eighteen pounds, he is twice at a risk of developing diabetes (type 2) in comparison to a non-obese individual. Diabetes and obesity are closely linked and more than 80 percent of people who are obese are diabetics.
Obesity is also associated with certain kinds of cancers like colon cancer, prostate cancer, gall bladder cancer, endometrial cancer and breast cancer (mostly found in women). Obesity could lead to insulin resistance (fatty liver disease even found in non-alcoholics), which is a metabolic disorder of the body wherein the cells of the body develops insensitivity to insulin. Various researches and studies have revealed that greater the BMI, the higher the liver damage.
Obesity is considered an important risk factor for a condition known as Chronic Venous Insufficiency, though it is not directly associated with obesity. Obesity caused due to inactive lifestyle could lead to increase in blood pressure and other musculoskeletal problems that hamper the mobility and use of muscles, which in turn contributes to developing Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
The risk of gall stones is thrice as high in obese people in comparison to non-obese people. Also, an obese individual is more prone to breathing problems like Asthma, Chronic Bronchitis, respiratory insufficiency as well as obesity hypoventilation syndrome.
The risk factors of obesity mentioned in this article are only a few of the major problems. It is suggested that individuals who are obese should seriously consider reducing their weight and preventing obesity before it gets too late.